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Welcome to the CRVS Knowledge Gateway

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Brazil's health data: How have they improved so much and so quickly?

Interview with Dr Mohsen Naghavi, Professor of Global Health at the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington. Filmed in October 2017 during the Meeting on Improving the Quality of Information on Causes of Death in Brazil in Recife, Brazil.

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O que é ANACONDA? Uma perspectiva brasileira / What is ANACONDA? A Brazilian perspective

The D4H team at the University of Melbourne spoke to the Brazilian ANACONDA trainer and statistician for the Ministry of Health, Ana Claúdia Medeiros de Souza, about initial feedback of the ANACONDA tool in October 2017.

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Launch of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative in Colombia

Laureate Professor Alan Lopez AC, CRVS Technical Director of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative from the University of Melbourne describes interventions that Colombia will use to improve their cause of death data.

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ANACONDA

ANACONDA course introduction. Presenter: Senior Technical Advisor, Dr Lene Mikkelsen

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Completeness of birth and death registration

Completeness of birth and death registration course introduction. Presenter: Principal Research Fellow, Dr Tim Adair

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Enterprise architecture/business process mapping

Enterprise architecture/business process mapping course introduction. Presenter: Senior Technical Advisor, Dr Carla AbouZahr

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ICD-10

ICD-10 course introduction. Presenter: Research Fellow, Dr Vindya Kumarapeli

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Medical certification of cause of death (MCCOD)

Medical certification of cause of death course introduction. Presenter: Senior Technical Advisor, Dr Tim Moore

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Verbal autopsy costing tool

Verbal autopsy costing tool course introduction. Presenter: Senior Technical Advisor, Dr Carla AbouZahr

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Barriers to death notification in the Solomon Islands

What are the barriers to death notification in the Solomon Islands and how does the country plan to use innovative methods to improve data? Dilip Hensman, Technical Officer, World Health Organization explains. Watch Dilip describe the outcomes to improved death data: https://youtu.be/ILg_E0M6iUs

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From death notification to registration (Bangladesh)

Mohamad Ashfaque Mukut, Deputy Secretary Cabinet Division (Bangladesh) and Deputy Project Director of the CRVS Technical Project, shares his fellowship work at the University of Melbourne that looks at a recent pilot in Kaliganj, Bangladesh that encourages health staff to notify community deaths.

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Filling the gaps?in Bangladesh's ?mortality data
Filling the gaps in Bangladesh's mortality data

University of Melbourne Fellow Dr Muhammad Adnan Khan, who is Assistant Chief Medical in the Director General (Health) in Bangladesh discusses the data quality of the medical certification of cause of death in Bangladesh.

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Analysis of Bangladesh's verbal autopsy pilot in Kaligang
Analysis of Bangladesh's verbal autopsy pilot in Kaligang

University of Melbourne Data for Health Fellow Mr Saiful Islam, Statistician for the Ministry of Health and Family Planning, Bangladesh discusses how Bangladesh is working to improve cause of death data in community settings, through analysis of the Data for Health verbal autopsy pilot in the sub-district of Kaligang Upazila (under the Gazipur District).

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What are the preliminary findings of using HBCPs as verbal autopsy interviewers in Rwanda?1
What are the preliminary findings of using HBCPs as verbal autopsy interviewers in Rwanda?

Marc Hagenimana from the Rwanda Biomedical Center, Ministry of Health and University of Melbourne Data for Health Fellow discusses the findings of Rwanda's use of Health-Based Care Practitioners as verbal autopsy interviewers in the country.

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Implementing MCCOD in all public hospitals in Rwanda

How did Rwanda implement standardised MCCOD training across all public hospitals? Godfrey Ngoboka, Rwanda Country Coordinator, and James Mwanza, Rwanda Project Officer from Vital Strategies, explain the approach.

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Xavier Rwanda
Fellowship profile with Xavier Ngomituje

Interview with Xavier Ngomituje, Statistician at the National Institute of Statistics Rwanda on what he is working on during his fellowship at the University of Melbourne as part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative. Read Xavier's fellowship report: https://crvsgateway.info/file/5452/1977

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Indonesia's path to identify the country's leading causes of death

How will Indonesia's verbal autopsy work evolve during the Data for Health Initiative, how important are mortality statistics and what are and what do we already know about mortality trends in the country? An interview with Soewarta Kosen from the National Institute of Health Research and Development in Indonesia, filmed in February 2018.

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Lessons learned from the Beijing verbal autopsy (VA) pilot

Dr Peng Yin from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention discusses the barriers to verbal autopsy in Beijing, VA data quality and next steps for implementation. Filmed in February 2018.

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Tanzania's commitment to improved civil registration and vital statistics

This short video is an overview of CRVS in Tanzania, and highlights videos that provide a more in-depth understanding of their system and improvements as part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative.

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Tanzanian Ministry of Health perspective: How is Data for Health doing?

Edward Mbanga, Ag. Director for Policy and Planning at Tanzania's Ministry of Health, Community Development, Elderly and Children agency describes the successes so far of improving health information and its use as a result of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative.

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Improving our understanding of births and deaths in Tanzania

RITA, the agency responsible for birth and death registration in Tanzania shares their progress on their legal and regulatory review, decentralisation of birth and death registration, system sustainability and use of technology.

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Godfrey M Semu MCCOD
Challenges to timely and sensitive death certification in Tanzania

Godfrey M Semu, Health Record and Information Officer at the Muhimbili National Hospital describes the challenges to timely death certification in Tanzania.

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Educating Tanzanian physicians on the value of accurate assignments for underlying cause of death

Godfrey M Semu, Health Record and Information Officer at the Muhimbili National Hospital explains how the hospital is rolling out medical certification of death training.

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The Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative in Sri Lanka

Video with Technical Director of the Data for Health Initiative at the University of Melbourne, Professor Alan Lopez on Sri Lanka's work to improve civil registration and vital statistics.

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SmartVA DHIS2 Integration | Sri Lanka (e-SmartVA)

Video by Dr Chamika Senanayake (Sri Lanka). More info: https://crvsgateway.info/SmartVA-DHIS2-Integration-Sri-Lanka-e-SmartVA-~2402

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Verbal autopsy from research to field
Verbal autopsy: from research to field

How did verbal autopsy (VA) work evolve from research settings? Riley Hazard, University of Melbourne Research Assistant, shares a brief overview of how verbal autopsy has continued to evolve as a result of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative. More on SmartVA: crvsgateway.info/SmartVA~547

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Filipino Ministry of Health: Ways to improve death certification
Filipino Ministry of Health: Ways to improve death certification

Dr Ferchito L Avelino, Officer in Charge at the Philippine Department of Health, Epidemiology Bureau shares his previous experience as a Rural Health Physician and the challenges he experienced certifying deaths, at the Smart Verbal Autopsy Evaluation Workshop in Manila, February 2018.

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How enterprise architecture has improved CRVS in Bangladesh

Anir Chowdhury, Policy Advisor for the Access to Information Programme (a2i) at the Prime Minister's Office in Bangladesh, and National Advisor to the CRVS Steering Committee, Cabinet Division explains how the country improved registration through enterprise architecture.

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Innovation collaboration with Swiss TPH

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What are people dying of in Greenland and why?

Greenland's cause of death data have only recently been separated from Denmark in the Global Burden of Disease Study. University of Melbourne Data for Health Initiative visiting academic Kim Moesgaard Iburg is Associate Professor at Aarhus University in Denmark, he is studying how the quality of these data can be improved to further benefit the direction of health policy in the country.

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Outcomes of improving death data in Solomon Islands

Strengthening CRVS in Solomon Islands is a challenge because data, especially death data, have never been collected before in an organised manner. Only two percent of all estimated deaths are registered in the country. Dilip Hensman, Technical Officer, World Health Organization explains. Watch Dilip describe the barriers to death notification in the Solomon Islands: https://youtu.be/9F4ntk7xtCk

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Linking civil registration and vital statistics data in Brazil to estimate completeness

Luiz Fernando from the IBGE (Brazilian Federal Institute of Geography and Statistics) and Fellow at the University of Melbourne Data for Health Initiative explains his work to link civil registration and vital statistics data in Brazil to estimate completeness.

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SmartVA/DHIS2 Integration in Sri Lanka

Dr Chamika Senanyake from the Ministry of Health, Nutrition and Indigenous Medicine in Sri Lanka and Fellow at the University of Melbourne Data for Health Initiative explains his work integrating Smart Verbal Autopsy (SmartVA) and DHIS-2 in Sri Lanka. Dr Senanyake has created a tutorial video about integration that you can view here: https://youtu.be/E66tnNV2rko

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Estimating completeness of death registration and assessing quality of cause of death data

Marjorie Villaver from the Philippine Statistics Authority explains her work to estimate completeness of death registration and assess the quality of cause of death data at the national and subnational levels.

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Up-skilling Filipino physicians in underlying cause of death diagnoses

There are many challenges to death registration and certification in the Philippines including a gap in training physicians to correctly certify the underlying cause of death in medical school. Three doctors in the Philippines share how their organisations are working to improve the quality of death certification through the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative.

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Timelier death data in the Philippines

Edith Ramos Orcilla, Assistant National Statistician and Aurora T Reolalas, Chief Statistical Specialist at the Philippine Statistical Authority share how the has been able to drastically improve the speed of which they report their cause of death data, which is vital for health policymaking and planning.

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Application of SmartVA in the Philippines

Historically, determining the underlying cause of death for people who die in community has been “pretty hard,” says Dr Clemencia Dilag Bondol, President of the Municipal Association of Municipal Health Officers. But now that municipal health officers and physicians in community settings are using SmartVA as part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative to diagnose deaths, the process has become much more simple.

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SmartVA rollout in the Philippines

For the first time, SmartVA is being used by physicians, to diagnose the underlying cause of death in community settings. Verbal autopsy expert, Associate Professor Rohina Joshi from the University of Melbourne explains.

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SINADEF Video demostrativo completo
SINADEF: Video demostrativo completo

Video subido con permiso del Ministerio de Salud, Perú.

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SINADEF tutorial
SINADEF: Video tutorial

Video subido con permiso del Ministerio de Salud, Perú.

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SINADEF: Introducción

Video subido con permiso del Ministerio de Salud, Perú.

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CRVS progress in the Philippines

The Philippines has shown ongoing commitment to strengthening its civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system. It is a relatively mature and functioning system, but there are many aspects that could function better if they were strengthened. In-depth videos at:https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQfUxrZQ_vdgiO2kaiSlOi2XvaoIcVe7u

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The Philippines: A story of change
The Philippines: A story of CRVS change

What was the civil registration and vital statistics system in the Philippines like before the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative started, and what impact has the initiative had? Interview with Lene Mikkelsen, Senior Technical Advisor to the Philippines from the University of Melbourne, Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative.

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Summary: A new method for estimating the completeness of death registration

Explains a new method to estimate the completeness of death registration using widely available country data.

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Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Estimating the completeness of death registration: An empirical method


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Estimating the completeness of death registration: An empirical method

Many national and subnational governments need to routinely measure the completeness of death registration for monitoring and statistical purposes. Existing methods, such as death distribution and capture-recapture methods, have a number of limitations such as inaccuracy and complexity that prevent widespread application. This paper presents a novel empirical method to estimate completeness of death registration at the national and subnational level.

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Authors: Adair T, Lopez AD

Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Summary: A new method for estimating the completeness of death registration

Source: PLoS ONE


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Where there is no physician: Improving the notification of community deaths

This paper highlights the importance of community death notification, and provides checklists for countries seeking to audit and improve internal notification of community deaths. Results from applying these checklists as part of a broader process mapping exercise with 16 countries will also be discussed, which influenced the development of seven general guiding principles for the development of death notification forms. These resources are meant to aid countries and their CRVS partners as they move towards improving notification and registration of community deaths, particularly when considering universal digital notification-registration where there is no physician.

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Author: Cobos Muñoz D, de Savigny D.

Publication date: July 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Improving registration: Best practice guidelines


Improving vital statistics for informed policy: The importance of data quality
Improving vital statistics for informed policy: The importance of data quality

Outlines the importance of quality, and simple procedures for checking data quality from collection to analysis.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: March 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: ANACONDA 10 steps: Quick reference guide


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Reducing barriers to the accurate medical certification of cause of death

This document identifies barriers to accurate COD reporting by physicians and provides recommendations on how various actors can respond.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: May 2018 (update)

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Action guide on reducing barriers to medical certification


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Strengthening CRVS systems through effective legislation

This paper explains how legal frameworks can contribute to the completeness of birth and death registration, and improve the accuracy of information held in national and subnational civil records. This paper also highlights some of the common issues with existing civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) laws in many countries, and the importance for governments and CRVS stakeholders to conduct a comprehensive legal review. General recommendations on the steps and strategies countries should use for conducting a legal review on existing CRVS-related laws are provided.

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Publication date: April 2018 (updated)

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Action guide on CRVS legal and regulatory reviews


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Strategies for improving the quality of cause of death data in hospitals

This paper outlines the importance of accurate medical certification of cause of death, and provides eight strategies that hospitals can implement to improve the accuracy and consistency of cause of death data drawn from medical records.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: April 2018 (update)

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Action guide on improving the quality of cause of death data in hospitals


Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping
Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping

Explains how enterprise architecture and its process mapping methodology can be used to describe and improve CRVS systems.

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Authors: de Savigny D, Cobos Muñoz D.

Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems

Source: Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, University of Basel


Challenges associated with automated VA training and rollout
Challenges associated with automated VA training and rollout

This paper is a useful resource for countries looking to implement automated VA on a digital tablet or smartphone.

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Publication date: March 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Action guide on automated VA training and rollout


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Training and education on medical certification: Effective strategies and approaches

This document outlines a best-practice plan for the timing and content of education and training on medical certification for physicians at three career stages.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: July 2018 (updated)

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Summary: Effective strategies and approaches to training in medical certification

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Integrating community-based verbal autopsy into CRVS: System-level considerations
Integrating community-based verbal autopsy into CRVS: System-level considerations

This document provides recommendations for integrating VA processes into CRVS, which involves consideration of system-wide integration issues.

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Authors: de Savigny D, Riley I, Chandramohan D, Odhiambo F, Nichols E, Notzon S, AbouZahr C, Mitra R, Cobos Munoz D, Firth S, Maire N, Sankoh O, Bronson G, Setel P, Byass P, Jakob P, Boerma T, Lopez AD

Publication date: January 2017

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Summary: Integrating verbal autopsy into CRVS systems

Source: Global Health Action


Introducing verbal autopsies into CRVS: Guiding principles
Introducing verbal autopsies into CRVS: Guiding principles

This document details the merits of automated VA methods and provides guidance for countries looking to implement VA in CRVS systems.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: July 2017

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Challenges associated with automated VA training and rollout


The 'Ten CRVS Milestones' framework for understanding CRVS systems
The 'Ten CRVS Milestones' framework for understanding CRVS systems

Describes how CRVS systems function, including key processes that must be accomplished. Provides an understanding of system strengths and weaknesses.

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Authors: Muñoz DC, AbouZahr C, de Savigny D

Publication date: February 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping

Source: BMJ Global Health


Guidance for assessing and interpreting the quality of mortality data using ANACONDA – Chinese version
Guidance for assessing and interpreting the quality of mortality data using ANACONDA – Chinese version

For users of ANACONDA (statisticians and/or analysts in health and statistics departments, researchers, or other experts working with mortality data).

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Authors: Mikkelsen L, Lopez AD (University of Melbourne)

Publication date: October 2017

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Course prospectus: ANACONDA


Guidance for assessing and interpreting the quality of mortality data using ANACONDA
Guidance for assessing and interpreting the quality of mortality data using ANACONDA

For users of ANACONDA (statisticians and/or analysts in health and statistics departments, researchers, or other experts working with mortality data).

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Authors: Mikkelsen L, Lopez AD (University of Melbourne)

Publication date: October 2017

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Course prospectus: ANACONDA


Handbook for doctors on cause of death certification
Handbook for physicians on cause of death certification

These are generic guidelines about how to certify the cause of death, written for physicians and medical students, particularly in developing countries.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: March 2018 (update)

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Medical certification of cause of death: Quick reference guide


Medical certification of cause of death: Quick reference guide
Medical certification of cause of death: Quick reference guide

This guide contains basic information about how to correctly complete the International Form of medical certificate of COD, as recommended by the WHO.

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Publication date: February 2017

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Intervention: Medical certification of cause of death


SmartVA: Interviewer's manual
SmartVA: Interviewer's manual

The information contained in this manual provides generic information to intended VA interviewers on how to conduct VA interviews systematically.

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Publication date: January 2018

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: SmartVA: Technical user guide


SmartVA: Technical user guide
SmartVA: Technical user guide

The information contained in this manual provides generic information to technical support personnel for the implementation of automated VA methods.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: January 2018

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: SmartVA: Interviewer's manual


ANACONDA Quick reference guide: 10 steps
ANACONDA Quick reference guide: 10 steps

Summarises the 10 main steps in ANACONDA, including key outputs and data quality checks for mortality and cause of death statistics.

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Publication date: July 2017

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Course prospectus: ANACONDA

 


Assessing the quality of death certificates: Guidance for the rapid tool
Assessing the quality of death certificates: Guidance for the rapid tool

This document provides guidance on how to use the rapid assessment tool, with examples for each question.

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Authors: Rampatige R, Gamage S, Richards N, Riley I, Wijesekera N.

Publication date: March 2018 (update)

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Assessing the quality of death certificates: Rapid tool


Assessing the quality of death certificates: Rapid tool
Assessing the quality of death certificates: Rapid tool

This tool is designed to assess the quality of death certification practices by checking for common errors in death certificates.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: March 2018 (update)

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Assessing the quality of death certificates: Guidance for the rapid tool


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CRVS birth and death statistics report template

This template has been designed to ensure that useful data on birth and death will become available for policy through annual reporting.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Improving vital statistics for informing policy: The importance of data quality


Guía para evaluar e interpretar la calidad de los datos de mortalidad utilizando: ANACONDA
Guía para evaluar e interpretar la calidad de los datos de mortalidad utilizando: ANACONDA

El documento es para usuarios de ANACONDA, una herramienta electrónica para el control de calidad de los datos de mortalidad.

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Autores: Mikkelsen L, Lopez AD (Universidad de Melbourne)

Fecha de publicación: Octubre de 2017

Tipo de recurso: CRVS recursos y herramientas

Recursos relacionados: Guidance for assessing and interpreting the quality of mortality data using ANACONDA


Papua New Guinea: Targeted interventions for sustainable change
Papua New Guinea: Targeted interventions for sustainable change

Outlines the strategy for strengthening the CRVS system, which is based on three pillars: leadership, integration, and capacity-building.

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Authors: Papua New Guinea Implementation Working Group

Publication date: March 2018 (updated)

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Papua New Guina


Peru: An exceptional example of CRVS system advancement
Peru: An exceptional example of CRVS system advancement

This document highlights the major interventions being implemented in Peru as part of the country's CRVS systems-strengthening agenda.

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Authors: Peru Implementation Working Group

Publication date: March 2018 (updated)

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Peru


Bangladesh: a successful journey toward CRVS system improvement
Bangladesh: A successful journey towards CRVS system improvement

This CRVS country perspective highlights three successful technical interventions implemented by the Government of Bangladesh and its civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) stakeholders to strengthen the country’s CRVS system

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Author: Bangladesh Implementation Working Group

Publication date: March 2018 (update)

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Bangladesh

Mukut

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Summary: Integrating verbal autopsies into CRVS systems

This document details how to sustainably integrate verbal autopsy into CRVS systems.

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Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Integrating community-based verbal autopsy into CRVS: System-level considerations


Research priorities for country CRVS strengthening
Research priorities for country CRVS strengthening

This document outlines six of focus areas for countries in need of CRVS research.

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Publication date: November 2017

Resource type: CRVS roadmaps for action

Related resources: Summary: SDG achievement depends on CRVS systems


Summary: Civil registration and identification
Civil registration and identification

Civil registration should be the basis of any national identification system, and must be strengthened before new systems are put in place.

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Publication date: October 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Improving registration: Best practice guidelines


Improving registration
Improving registration: Best practice guidelines

Examples of best practice for registration include making it a legal requirement to register, and not charging a fee for initial registration.

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Publication date: November 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: CRVS systems need well-functioning civil registry offices


Summary: Improving vital statistics for informed policy
Summary: Improving vital statistics for informed policy

Briefly explains the importance of data quality assessments and basic data quality checks to perform

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Publication date: February 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Course prospectus: ANACONDA


Summary: The importance of routinely measuring birth and death registration completeness
Summary: The importance of routinely measuring birth and death registration completeness

Highlights the importance of measuring registration completeness and the impact it has on fertility and mortality statistics.

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Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Summary: A new method for estimating the completeness of death registration


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Summary: CRVS systems are good for your health

This document highlights how countries that invest in CRVS strengthening will see improved population health outcomes.

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Publication date: May 2018 (udpated)

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Are well functioning civil registration and vital statistics systems associated with better health outcomes?


Action guide on CRVS legal and regulatory reviews
Action guide on CRVS legal and regulatory reviews

This document highlights five suggested steps countries should follow for conducting a legal review on CRVS law.

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Publication date: November 2017

Resource type: CRVS action guide

Related resources: Strengthening CRVS systems through effective legislation


Action guide on implementing automated coding (Iris)
Action guide on implementing automated coding (Iris)

Describes five key steps countries should follow when implementing automated mortality coding.

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Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS action guide

Related resources: Course prospectus: Iris automated mortality coding training


Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems
Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems

Outlines the four key steps in process mapping and explains how they can be used to strengthen CRVS system design.

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Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS action guide

Related resources: Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping


Action guide on reducing barriers to medical certification
Action guide on reducing barriers to medical certification

Describes five actions that can be taken to reduce barriers to accurate medical certification of cause of death, from legislative review to training and support.

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Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS action guide

Related resources: Reducing barriers to the accurate medical certification of cause of death


CRVS systems need well-functioning civil registry offices
CRVS systems need well-functioning civil registry offices

Presentation of factors which countries should consider when establishing or improving the operation of their Office of the Civil Registrar.

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Publication date: August 2017

Resource type: CRVS roadmaps for action

Related resources: Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping


Medical certification of cause of death
Intervention: Medical certification of cause of death

Activities to improve certification include introducing the international form of medical certificate of cause of death and training courses.

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Publication date: November 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Action guide on training and education on medical certification of cause of death


Mortality coding
Intervention: Mortality coding

Transformation of information on death certificates into alpha-numeric codes, for easier analysis of the patterns of mortality in a population.

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Publication date: November 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Course prospectus: Iris automated mortality coding training


Automated verbal autopsy
Intervention: Automated verbal autopsy

The automated process of using handheld devices for all verbal autopsy activities.

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Publication date: November 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Introducing verbal autopsies into CRVS: Guiding principles


Enterprise architecture
Intervention: Enterprise architecture and process mapping

A tool that that helps describe, understand, analyse, compare and visualise the organisation, processes, workflows and functionality of a CRVS system.

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Publication date: November 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems


Advocating for civil registration: guide to developing a business case for civil registration
Advocating for civil registration: guide to developing a business case for civil registration

Practical information on the six-step approach to preparing and using a business case in support of a civil registration system.

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Author: Schmider, A

Publication date: November 2010

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Summary: CRVS systems are good for your health

Source: Health Information Systems Knowledge Hub


An economic evaluation of data collection methods for vital statistics
An economic evaluation of data collection methods for vital statistics

A systematic framework to guide investment decisions by donors and governments on methods of data collection for vital statistics.

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Authors: Soto EJ, Nguyen KH, Dettrick Z, Hodge A, Lopez AD

Publication date: June 2013

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: A framework for evaluating national CRVS systems at baseline

Source: Health Information Systems Knowledge Hub


Assessing the production, quality and use of national vital statistics: a case study of the Philippines
Assessing the production, quality and use of national vital statistics: a case study of the Philippines

Findings from the review of the CRVS system in the Philippines (2009), which helped to understand how the system worked and identifying weaker areas.

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Authors: Hufana L, Catija J, Morante L, Lopez J, Tan CL, Mikkelsen L, Aung E

Publication date: Nov 2009

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Improving civil registration and vital statistics systems - Lessons learned from the application of health information tools in Asia and the Pacific


Improving civil registration and vital statistics systems-Lessons learned from the application of health information tools in Asia and the Pacific
Improving civil registration and vital statistics systems - Lessons learned from the application of health information tools in Asia and the Pacific

A review of the application of the comprehensive CRVS assessment tool in Asia and the Pacific.

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Author: Mikkelsen, L 

Publication date: December 2012

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Assessing the production, quality and use of national vital statistics: a case study of the Philippines

Source: Health Information Systems Knowledge Hub


Improving COD certification practices in the Pacific
Improving COD certification practices in the Pacific

Findings of study to determine the efficacy and accessibility of the certification module of the WHO's web-based ICD training tool.

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Authors: Walker S, Rampatige R, Wainiqolo I, Aumua A

Publication date: April 2011

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Improving civil registration and vital statistics systems - Lessons learned from the application of health information tools in Asia and the Pacific

Source: Health Information Systems Knowledge Hub


Promoting the periodic assessment of the quality of medical records and cause-of-death data
Promoting the periodic assessment of the quality of medical records and cause-of-death data

A rare look into the validation of cause of death information from routine reporting systems.

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Authors: Rampatige R, Mikkelsen L, Gamage S, Peiris S

Publication date: November 2009

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Assessing the production, quality and use of national vital statistics: a case study of the Philippines


Rapid assessment of vital statistics systems
Rapid assessment of vital statistics systems

Evaluation of the application of the WHO/Health Information Systems Knowledge Hub tool in 26 countries in the Asia–Pacific region.

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Author: Mikkelsen L

Publication date: November 2010

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Improving civil registration and vital statistics systems - Lessons learned from the application of health information tools in Asia and the Pacific


Strategic planning to strengthen civil registration and vital statistics systems
Strategic planning to strengthen civil registration and vital statistics systems

Guidance for using findings from a comprehensive assessment.

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Author: Mikkelsen L

Publication date: September 2012

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Source: Health Information Systems Knowledge Hub


Symptom recall and the diagnostic accuracy of verbal autopsies
Symptom recall and the diagnostic accuracy of verbal autopsies

Determines how recall of item responses varied between interviews over time and how much loss of recall affected the accuracy of CSMFs.

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Authors: Serina P, Riley I, Hernandez B, Freeman M, Praveen D, Tallo V, Joshi R, Sanvictores D, Murray CJL, Lopez AD

Publication date: September 2013

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Intervention: Automated verbal autopsy

Source: Health Information Systems Knowledge Hub


Bangladesh
CRVS country overview: Bangladesh

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: February 2017

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Brazil


Brazil
CRVS country overview: Brazil

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: February 2017

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: China (Shanghai)


China (Shanghai)
CRVS country overview: China (Shanghai)

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: October 2016

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Colombia


Colombia
CRVS country overview: Colombia

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: January 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Ecuador


Ecuador
CRVS country overview: Ecuador

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: January 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Ghana


Ghana
CRVS country overview: Ghana

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: January 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Myanmar

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Myanmar
CRVS country overview: Myanmar

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: October 2016

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Papua New Guinea


Papua New Guinea
CRVS country overview: Papua New Guinea

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: February 2017

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Peru


Philippines
CRVS country overview: Philippines

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: October 2016

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Sri Lanka


Rwanda
CRVS country overview: Rwanda

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: October 2016

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Sri Lanka

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Solomon Islands
CRVS country overview: Solomon Islands

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: October 2016

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Tanzania

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Sri Lanka
CRVS country overview: Sri Lanka

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: October 2016

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Solomon Islands


Tanzania
CRVS country overview: Tanzania

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: January 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Bangladesh

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A4HOr5W5uiGONK09LQe4e7qaTcDfA6eMe0lprEfm
Course prospectus: ANACONDA

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Publication date: February 2017

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: ANACONDA Quick reference guide: 10 steps


CHPvnB88ej7WkybbJswd7HBnYG6IZ6UVL3XROKwe
Course prospectus: Estimating completeness of birth and death registration

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Publication date: October 2017

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Summary: The importance of routinely measuring birth and death registration completeness


YUzCwuVB5qoRmGXFd2WK7dWMynukcrCMZkikC1Fm
Course prospectus: CRVS data analysis and use

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Publication date: January 2018

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Summary: Improving vital statistics for informed policy


Jvi9CYjDa2Kpr1Q9zttWSmbN0Nmmw21MLjRtfFw0
Course prospectus: Enterprise architecture and process mapping for strengthening CRVS design

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Publication date: October 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Intervention: Enterprise architecture and process mapping


jQjg04byak1AyKw0OyCIoEBKPmxCjYih7YdlYqR1
Course prospectus: ICD-10 mortality coder training

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Publication date: October 2017

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Intervention: Mortality coding​


Iris automated mortality coding training
Course prospectus: Iris automated mortality coding training

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Publication date: January 2018

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Action guide on implementing automated coding (Iris)


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Course prospectus: Capacity development and medical certification of cause of death training

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Publication date: January 2018

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Training and education on medical certification: Effective strategies and approaches


YZlZUrTXsyg6UscHucPfBoJpvvnzWA1rq5cIA1KJ
Course prospectus: SmartVA

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Publication date: October 2017

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: SmartVA: Technical user guide


bLK7UF5sEl8pPUP0RAF3M0f6Apw56Ps7d7ddNkWl
Course prospectus: Verbal autopsy costing and budgeting tool

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Publication date: February 2018

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Summary: Integrating verbal autopsies into CRVS systems


Redefining 'garbage codes' for public health policy: Report on the expert group meeting
Redefining 'garbage codes' for public health policy: Report on the expert group meeting

Describes the new classification of 'unusable codes' that cause most harm, allowing countries to design targeted interventions for improvement.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Summary: Redefining 'garbage codes' for public health policy

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How do I setup Samsung Galaxy tablets?

This SmartVA IT action guide will show you you how to set up your Samsung Galaxy tablet for SmartVA, including installing the necessary apps for collecting verbal autopsy data.

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Publication date: November 2018

Resource type: SmartVA IT action guide

Related resources: SmartVA technical user manual


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How do I translate the SmartVA instrument?

This SmartVA IT action guide describes how to translate the SmartVA instrument (Excel questionnaire and media files) into a different language for use through the Open Data Kit (ODK) platform.

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Publication date: November 2018

Resource type: SmartVA IT action guide

Related resources: SmartVA technical user manual


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How do I download and install ODK Collect?

This SmartVA IT action guide describes how to install ODK Collect onto a tablet in two ways: directly onto a tablet via the ‘Play Store’ or Internet browser, or from a computer via the Internet and copying it across to the tablet for installation

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Publication date: November 2018

Resource type: SmartVA IT action guide

Related resources: SmartVA technical user manual


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Fellowship profile: Assessing the quality of mortality statistics in Shanghai

In 2017, Dr Tan Ziwen came to the University to learn about how to routinely assess the quality of vital statistics data using ANACONDA.

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Author: Ziwen, T

Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series - fellowship profile

Related resources: CRVS country overview: China (Shanghai)


Peru
CRVS country overview: Peru

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: January 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Rwanda


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Summary: Improving the quality of mortality statistics in Sri Lanka

Describes the two innovative approaches Sri Lanka is taking to improve the quality of mortality data: introducing automated verbal autopsy, and up-skilling doctors in correct medical certification practices.

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Authors: Jayasuriya R, Kumarapeli V, Mikkelsen L.

Publication date: June 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Sri Lanka: Strengthening the quality and availability of mortality statistics

Source: SLMA, The Official Newsletter of the Sri Lanka Medical Association

Alan SL2

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Summary: The CRVS baseline evaluation framework

Describes the four domains of the framework; an important tool that provides an actionable evaluation of a CRVS system.

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Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: A framework for evaluating national CRVS systems at baseline


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Action guide on automated VA training and rollout

This action guide outlines seven key tasks and challenges countries should consider when implementing automated VA.

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Publication date: March 2018

Resource type: CRVS action guide

Related resources: Challenges associated with automated VA training and rollout


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Action guide on training and education on medical certification of cause of death

Outlines an approach to training and education on medical certification of cause of death based on three key stages in a physician's career: during medical school, as an intern or junior physician, and as senior practicing clinicians.

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Publication date: August 2018 (update)

Resource type: CRVS action guide

Related resources: Training and education on medical certification: Effective strategies and approaches


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Fellowship profile: Investigating garbage codes to improve mortality statistics in Brazil

Between January and February 2018, Raquel Barbosa de Lima, from the Department of Health Situation Analysis, Ministry of Health, Brazil, came to the University of Melbourne to receive support in analysing data from a pilot study that investigated key attributes of deaths with ‘garbage codes’.

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Author: de Lima R

Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives - fellowship profile

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Brazil


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Summary: SDG achievement depends on CRVS systems

Well-functioning civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems will play an important role in assisting countries and regions to measure, monitor and meet their Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets. Strengthening of CRVS systems is an SDG outcome in and of itself; therefore, to fully achieve the SDG agenda, CRVS systems must be robust with near-complete registration of births and deaths.

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Publication date: August 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Why the Sustainable Development Goal agenda needs strong civil registration and vital statistics systems


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Summary: Monitoring CRVS data quality and progress

Summarises key points from the Lancet series paper, which discussed results from a global assessment of CRVS systems, and the development of a composite index, the Vital Statistics Performance Index (VSPI) that can monitor data quality and progress over time.

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Publication date: August 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: A global assessment of civil registration and vital statistics systems: Monitoring data quality and progress

Source: Lancet


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Sri Lanka: Strengthening the quality and availability of mortality statistics

This paper outlines the strategy for improving the quality and availability of mortality statistics in Sri Lanka, which is built on two main pillars: improving the quality of medical certification of cause of death for facility deaths; and implementing automated verbal autopsy to ascertain probable cause of death for community deaths.

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Author: Sri Lanka Implementation Working Group

Publication date: July 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Sri Lanka

Alan SL2

WHOBulletin
How can we accelerate progress on civil registration and vital statistics?

The first in a series of papers published by the WHO Bulletin looking at how the health sector can contribute towards strengthening CRVS systems and increasing birth and death registration coverage.

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Authors: AbouZahr C, Bratschi MW, Cobos Munoz D, Santon R, Richards N, Riley I, Setel P

Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: Journal article

Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.211086


CRVS and health
Civil registration and vital statistics in health systems

Over the past decades, the health sector has forged a widespread network of health facilities and community health workers who carry out key public health interventions, aiming to reach the most marginalized populations with life-saving interventions. In many countries, health networks offer untapped potential to leverage health services for the notification and registration of births and deaths.

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Authors: Jackson D, Wenz K, Muniz M, Abouzahr C, Schmider A, Braschi MW, Kassam N, Diaz T, Mwamba R, Setel P, Mills S

Publication date: December 2018

Resource type: Journal article

Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.213090


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Fellowship profile: Assessing the impact of death certification interventions in Peru

Between November 2017 and January 2018, Janet Miki from the Ministry of Health in Perú, came to the University of Melbourne to receive support in conducting a study assessing the impact of two death certification interventions to improve cause of death data in Perú. This fellowship profile documents Janet’s experiences whilst at Melbourne, including what she worked on, what she learned, and what impact this might have on improving the quality of mortality data in Perú.

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Author: Miki J

Publication date: December 2018

Resource type: CRVS fellowship profile

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Perú


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Colombia: A strategy to improve the registration and certification of vital events in rural and ethnic communities

This paper details Colombia’s strategy to increase the registration and certification of vital events in rural municipalities and ethnic communities. Key parts of this intervention involve developing a proactive search system to improve capture of vital events through mobile notification, and subsequently applying automated verbal autopsy to determine probable cause of community-based deaths.

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Authors: Colombia Implementation Working Group

Publication date: September 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Colombia


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Summary: Redefining 'garbage codes' for public health policy

Describes the alternative classification of garbage codes used in ANACONDA that better aligns with public health priorities.

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Publication date: July 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Redefining 'garbage codes' for public health policy: Report on the expert group meeting, 27-28 February 2017


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Ghana: Developing a CRVS-VA management dashboard

This fellowship report highlights key features of the CRVS-VA management dashboard that was developed by Patrick Larbi-Debrah from the Policy, Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation department of Ghana Health Service, as part of his time at the Universities of Melbourne and Basel. The dashboard is a user-friendly tool that provides real-time monitoring of summary statistics from VA interviews.

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Author: Larbi-Debrah, P

Publication date: July 2018

Resource type: CRVS fellowship report

Related resources: Ghana: CRVS country profile

Patrick

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How do I install and use SmartVA?

This SmartVA IT action guide describes how to install and use the SmartVA Analyze software ('Tariff') for automated analysis of verbal autopsy data.

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Publication date: October 2018

Resource type: SmartVA IT action guide

Related resources: SmartVA technical user manual


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Maximising synergies between Health Observatories and CRVS

This report provides practical guidance about how population and health observatories and CRVS systems can collaborate, to ultimately improve the registration and certification of births, deaths, and causes of death.

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Authors: de Savigny D, Renggli S, Cobos D, Collinson M, Sankoh O

Publication date: March 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series


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Why the Sustainable Development Goal agenda needs strong civil registration and vital statistics systems

Well-functioning CRVS systems will play an important role in assisting countries and regions to measure, monitor and meet their SDG targets. The SDG agenda presents an opportunity to advance health information systems world-wide, including through CRVS systems strengthening efforts. The Data for Health Initiative developed a number of interventions, described in this paper, aimed at improving various components of a CRVS system. Countries may wish to consider these as part of their CRVS systems strengthening efforts.

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Authors: Nicola Richards, Renee Sorchik, and Claire Brolan, the University of Melbourne

Publication date: August 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Sustainable Development Goal achievement will depend on CRVS systems


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Summary: Improving the notification of community deaths

Notification of deaths, particularly deaths in the community, requires special attention and will likely need specific interventions tailored to each country. Two checklists have been developed for countries seeking to audit and improve internal notification of community deaths.

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Publication date: August 2018 (update)

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Where there is no physician: Improving the notification of community deaths


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Fellowship profile: Strengthening civil registration processes and improving vital statistics in Rwanda

Between February and May 2018, Xavier Ngomituje, a statistician from the National Institute of Statistics Rwanda, came to the University of Melbourne to learn about measuring the completeness of death registration, in order to improve national mortality statistics. He then spent time at the Swiss Tropical and Health Institute, University of Basel, to analyse and strengthen the organisation, processes, work flows and functionality of the civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system of Rwanda.

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Author: Ngomituge X.

Publication date: August 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives (fellowship profile)

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Rwanda

Xavier Rwanda

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Fellowship profile: Developing a qualitative study protocol on VA interviewer experiences in Myanmar

This CRVS fellowship profile documents Zin’s experiences while at Melbourne, including how she developed the protocol, how she intends to apply it, and what impact her fellowship might have on improving mortality statistics as generated through the CRVS system in Myanmar.

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Author: Mar TZ

Publication date: October 2018

Resource type: CRVS fellowship profile

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Myanmar


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Resultados preliminares del fortalecimiento del Sistema Informatico Nacional de Defunciones

El Perú tiene una baja cobertura de defunciones con causa de defunción (54 %) y una mala calidad del registro de las causas de defunción, mas de 45 % de las causas de muerte se clasifican como mal definidas o poco útiles para la formulación de políticas públicas. En respuesta a estos problemas, el Ministerio de Salud, junto a otras agencias gubernamentales, con el apoyo de la Iniciativa Bloomberg «Información para la Salud» está implementando el Sistema Informático Nacional de Defunciones (SINADEF). El objetivo de este artículo es describir el proceso de fortalecimiento del sistema de información de la mortalidad en Perú, centrado en la implementación del SINADEF.

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Authors: Vargas-Herrera J, Ruiz KP, Nunez GG, Ohno JM, Perez-Lu, JE, Huarcaya WV, Clapham B, Cortez-Escalante J

Publication date: October 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Peru: An exceptional example of CRVS system advancement

Source: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica. 2018; 35(3):505-14


Fench_COD_Handbook
Manuel sur la certification de la cause de décès à l’intention des médecins

Le présent manuel sert de guide aux médecins devant remplir des certificats de décès. Les formulaires de certification de la cause de décès sont un aspect important du travail de médecin étant donné que l’information que contiennent les certificats de décès aide les décideurs à déterminer les priorités en santé, de façon à prévenir les décès semblables dans l’avenir.

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Fellowship report: Patterns and trends in Rwandan hospital mortality data, 2017-2018

Between May and August 2018, Patrick Nshimiyimana from the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda came to the University of Melbourne to analyse cause of death data collected over 12 months from a selected number of hospitals and health facilities. This report highlights key findings from his research, including patterns and trends in causes of death, as well as how the data compare with other sources of mortality data.

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Author: Nshimiyimana P

Publication date: November 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series (fellowship report)

Related resources: Strengthening civil registration processes and improving vital statistics in Rwanda


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Fellowship report: An analysis of cause of death data from Papua New Guinea

Between October and December 2017, Ila Rouka and Elizabeth Mathias from the National Department of Health, Papua New Guinea (PNG), came to the University of Melbourne to analyse medical certificates of cause of death. As well as investigating the patterns and trends in mortality for the country between 2016 and 2017, the fellows were interested in assessing the quality of the certificates themselves. This CRVS fellowship report outlines key findings from their work.

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Author: Rouka I, Mathias E

Publication date: November 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series (fellowship report)

Related resources: PNG: Targeted interventions for sustainable change


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CRVS birth and death statistics template

This template has been designed to ensure that useful data on birth and death will become available for policy through annual reporting.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Strategic planning to strengthen civil registration and vital statistics systems


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Fellowship profile: Assessing the quality of vital statistics in the Philippines

Between July and October 2018, Majorie “Joy” Villaver, a supervising statistical specialist of the Philippine Statistics Authority, came to the University of Melbourne to assess the quality and completeness of birth and death registration, as well as the quality of cause of death data using the ANACONDA tool. This fellowship profile documents Joy’s experiences while at Melbourne, including what she worked on, what she found, and what impacts this might have on improving the civil registration and vital statistics system in the Philippines.

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Author: Villaver M

Publication date: December 2018

Resource type: CRVS fellowship profile

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Philippines


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Fellowship profile: Estimating the completeness of birth and death registration in Ecuador

Between August and October 2018, José Andrade, from the Vital Statistics Department of the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC) in Ecuador, came to the University of Melbourne to receive support in calculating the completeness of birth and death registration in Ecuador. His fellowship involved using surveys, censuses, and population projections to do so, and these methods are described here, along with implications for the CRVS system of Ecuador.

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Author: Andrade J

Publication date: December 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series - fellowship profile

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Ecuador


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Summary: Maximising synergies between health observatories and CRVS systems

Outlines six different areas of potential collaboration between health and demographic observatories and CRVS systems, including challenges and successes.

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Publication date: November 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Maximising synergies between health observatories and CRVS: Guidance for INDEPTH HDSS sites and CRVS stakeholders

Partners: Swiss TPH, INDEPTH Network


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Summary: Developing a mobile app for doctors to improve the recording of cause of death in Sri Lanka

Describes the development, testing, and potential impact of a mobile application for doctors to improve the recording of cause of death in Sri Lanka.

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Publication date: September 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Summary: Improving the quality of mortality statistics in Sri Lanka


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Sampling strategies for national scale CRVS-VA planning: Guidance document and sample size calculator tool

The purpose of this package of a two part guidance document and its companion sample size calculator Tool is to assist countries with scale up and rollout planning for the application of verbal autopsy (VA) as a function of a national civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system. Users of the package will include those tasked with designing and managing the CRVS-VA system. The package is intended to be used after pre-testing and pilot phases during which the processes, methods and possibly costing of the CRVS-VA system are perfected and established, and before the scale-up and rollout phase.

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Authors: University of Melbourne, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Vital Strategies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, CDC

Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Integrating community-based verbal autopsy into CRVS: System-level considerations


How-to guides on SmartVA (2)
Growing number of guides on SmartVA and ODK

New or existing users of SmartVA and ODK can benefit from short, step-by-step guides.

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New Frequently Asked Questions page

CRVS Knowledge Gateway users can find answers to their frequently asked questions more easily with a new FAQ page.

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Sign up to our newsletter!

You can keep up-to-date on the Data for Health Initiative by signing up to receive our quarterly e-newsletter.

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Introducing ANACONDA Plus

Recently in Bangkok, representatives from 12 ESCAP countries gathered for the first capacity-building workshop using ANACONDA and the new ANACONDA Plus program.

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Brand-new country videos: Bangladesh, Ghana, Rwanda and Tanzania

Our spotlight on CRVS strengthening turns to Africa and Bangladesh with brand-new videos.

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Manuel sur la certification de la cause de décès à l’intention des médecins

Le présent manuel a été conçu de façon à servir de ressource que les médecins peuvent garder à portée de main et consulter rapidement et facilement.

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Meeting on strengthening the quality of information on causes of death in Brazil

The objective of the meeting was to discuss the improvement of the quality of the information on causes of death in Brazil, with the participation of the three spheres of government, civil society, universities, and international institutions. This report summarises the main outcomes of the meeting, including each of the main sessions, comments from participants, and links to additional resources.

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New release: SmartVA 2.0

An improved version of SmartVA Analyze (including full source code) has been released.

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How enterprise architecture has improved CRVS in Bangladesh

Recently, the birth registration rate jumped to more than 40 percent after Bangladesh re-worked their CRVS system.

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Establishing mortality surveillance in Papua New Guinea

Historically in Papua New Guinea (PNG), the two major health systems for capturing deaths and causes of death have not provided complete or timely information.

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The road to registering more births in Tanzania

“The implications of not having your birth registered are huge,” says statistician and BD4H Tanzania CRVS Fellow Chris Sanga, “yet as little as 1 in 4 Tanzanian children under the age of 5 have had their birth registered.”

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New web resource supports country improvement of critical health data

The CRVS Knowledge Gateway developed by the University of Melbourne, provides technical tools and information that countries can use to improve birth and death data, with the ultimate goal to support their citizens to live longer, healthier lives.

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New method to estimate completeness of death registration

A new empirical method to estimate the completeness of death registration, has been developed and launched by the CRVS team at the University of Melbourne.

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New Sri Lankan MCCOD app wins Commonwealth award

A new interactive mobile app that was created as part of Data for Health, won an award at the Commonwealth Digital Health Conference Awards in Colombo, Sri Lanka in October 2017.

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Implementing an electronic death notification system in Peru

In Peru, over one in five people who die are not being counted in either the Ministry of Health or in the National Registry of Identification and Marital Status.

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Melbourne boot camp to bolster world-wide vital statistics

Country coordinators from Bangladesh, Brazil, Ecuador, Ghana, Indonesia, Malawi, Myanmar, Peru, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tanzania and Zambia attended a CRVS boot camp organised by Bloomberg Data for Health partners, the University of Melbourne and Vital Strategies.

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Building skills in data quality assessments in the Philippines

Access to reliable and timely mortality and cause of death statistics is essential for monitoring trends in diseases, injuries and risk factors, and critically important to guide good public health policy and prevention. Training in ANACONDA will build this capacity in the Philippines, enabling them to identify inconsistencies and errors in their mortality datasets and subsequently improve the quality of their mortality statistics.

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Fellowship profile – from Shanghai to Melbourne

In order to build capacity to strengthen CRVS systems in countries involved in the BD4H, six to eight fellows from the project's countries are trained a year on CRVS systems and work on a project with direct application to BD4H activities in their country.

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Building momentum

With the increasing capabilities of technology to bring together scientists who were once separated geographically or by different disciplines, we now have the ability to track and estimate disease, injuries and risk factors down to the specifics, and with a level of accuracy that we couldn’t have imagined before.

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Innovation collaboration with Swiss TPH

The Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute at the University of Basel is the University of Melbourne’s collaborator for the BD4H Initiative, developing CRVS tools and filling knowledge and methods gaps in order to provide technical assistance to countries.

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What are people dying of in Greenland and why?

Greenland is considered a high-income country that has almost doubled its life expectancy since the 1950s, yet the life expectancy of the country is that of low-income countries - so what are people dying of and why?

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University of Virginia Fellow Visits Data for Health

“Estimating and analysing the distribution of causes of death in rural areas of the world may not sound as sexy as ground-breaking surgery techniques, but it has the potential to save millions of lives. Our research will help inform health policy in underdeveloped regions of the world,” Riley said.

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Saving lives by counting deaths

Professor Alan Lopez says the use of big data can revolutionise global health policy.

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Myanmar: Strengthening Data

Bloomberg Data for Health Initiative researchers Professor Alan Lopez, Dr Tim Adair, Sonja Firth and Nicola Richards travelled to Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, in early August to assist with strengthening the local civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system.

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Strengthening CRVS design

In May, the Bloomberg Data for Health (BD4H) Initiative joined with several countries in Bangkok to develop country-specific process models for the registration of births and deaths, both inside and outside health facilities.

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Building mortality coding expertise in Bangladesh and Myanmar

Both Bangladesh and Myanmar have prioritised coding in their Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Country Work Plans. The country does not have a team of coders so the training has helped build the expertise in-country.

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New: Redefining ‘garbage codes’ for public health policy

Report on the expert group meeting, 27–28 February 2017

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Fourth edition of More than Numbers is out!

CRVS stories in Bangladesh, Ghana, Rwanda and Tanzania.

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SDG achievement depends on CRVS systems

Well-functioning civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems will play an important role in assisting countries and regions to measure, monitor and meet their Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets.

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Ghana: Developing a CRVS-VA management dashboard

This fellowship report highlights key features of the CRVS-VA management dashboard that was developed by Patrick Larbi-Debrah from the Policy, Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation department of Ghana Health Service, as part of his time at the Universities of Melbourne and Basel.

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New- Colombia: A strategy to improve the registration and certification of vital events in rural and ethnic communities

This paper details Colombia’s strategy to increase the registration and certification of vital events in rural municipalities and ethnic communities. Key parts of this intervention involve developing a proactive search system to improve capture of vital events through mobile notification, and subsequently applying automated verbal autopsy to determine probable cause of community-based deaths.

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New- Developing a mobile app for doctors to improve the recording of cause of death in Sri Lanka

Describes the development, testing, and potential impact of a mobile application for doctors to improve the recording of cause of death in Sri Lanka.

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New- Summary: Monitoring CRVS data quality and progress

This new resource summarises key points from the Lancet series paper, which discussed results from a global assessment of CRVS systems, and the development of a composite index, the Vital Statistics Performance Index (VSPI) that can monitor data quality and progress over time.

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Fellowship profile: Developing a qualitative study protocol on VA interviewer experiences in Myanmar

Between November 2016 and February 2017 Ms Tun Zin Mar, from the Central Statistical Office came to the University of Melbourne to develop a framework of analysis for a qualitative study to learn about the experiences of verbal autopsy interviewers during the initial phases of implementation.

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New- Summary: Improving the notification of community deaths

Notification of deaths, particularly deaths in the community, requires special attention and will likely need specific interventions tailored to each country. Two checklists have been developed for countries seeking to audit and improve internal notification of community deaths.

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New- Maximising synergies between Health Observatories and CRVS

This report provides practical guidance about how population and health observatories and CRVS systems can collaborate, to ultimately improve the registration and certification of births, deaths, and causes of death.

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Fellow wins Commonwealth Digital Health Award

Congratulations to University of Melbourne Data for Health Fellow Dr Chamika Senanayake for winning a Commonwealth Digital Health Award in Colombo, Sri Lanka in the category of health promotion and health education for his work on SmartVA DHIS2 integration.

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Patterns and trends in Rwandan hospital mortality data

Read the latest fellowship report: Patterns and trends in Rwandan hospital mortality data, 2017-2018, by Patrick Nshimiyimana from the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda.

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New Peruvian reports

Three new reports have just been published on work undertaken as part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative.

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Causes of death

All diseases, morbid conditions or injuries that either resulted in or contributed to death, and the circumstances of the accident or violence that produced any such injuries. Symptoms or modes of dying (such as heart failure or asthenia) are not considered to be causes of death for vital statistics purposes (see 'underlying cause of death').


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Certification

The issuance by the civil registrar of a legal document certifying a birth or death.


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Certification of cause of death

The completion by a medically trained person of a death certificate including the cause of death (according to ICD certification standards) .


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Certifier (of cause of death)

A person authorised by law to issue a medical certificate in a prescribed format, stating the underlying and contributory causes of death and other facts related to the event submission to the local registrar or other appropriate authority. The certifier is usually the physician who attended the deceased in their final illness or, in the case of individuals who were not attended by a physician during their final illness or who may have died due to violence or injury, the medical-legal officer (eg coroner or medical examiner).


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Citizen

A person who holds the legal nationality of the country they are living in and, as such, benefits from all the constitutional rights of that country, but who is also subject to the obligations and regulations that apply to its citizens.


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Citizenship

The legal nationality of a person.


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Civil register

A loose-leaf file, ledger book, electronic file or any other official file for the permanent recording in accordance with established procedures, of each type of vital event and its associated data occurring in the population of a well-defined area (eg an entire country, county, district, municipality or parish).


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Civil registrar

The official charged with the responsibility for civil registration of vital events in well-defined area (eg an entire country, county, district, municipality or parish) and for recording reporting information on those vital events for legal and statistical purposes.


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Civil registration

The continuous, permanent, compulsory and universal recording of the of the occurrence and characteristics of vital events (live births, deaths, fetal deaths, marriages and divorces) and other civil is events pertaining to the population as provided by decree, law or regulation, in accordance with legal requirements of each country. It establishes and provides legal documentation of such events. These records are also the best source of vital statistics.


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Civil registration system

The institutional, legal and technical settings established by government to conduct civil registration in a technical, sound, coordinated and standardised manner throughout country, taking into account cultural and social circumstances particular to the country (see 'civil registration and vital statistics system').


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Civil society

The voluntary participation of citizens in the civic and social bodies that form the basis of functioning society, as opposed to state and commercial institutions.


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Coalition

A group of organisations working together in a coordinated fashion towards a common goal.


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Cohort

A group of people sharing a common temporal demographic experience who are observed through time. For example, the birth cohort of the year 2000 comprises the people born in that year.


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Completed fertility rate

The number of children born per woman to a cohort of women by the end of childbearing years.


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Completeness of civil registration

A measure of the extent to which the births and deaths that occur in a given year are registered by the civil registration system. Several demographic techniques have been developed to assess and adjust the information on births and deaths derived from civil registration. Some methods compare data from independent sources (direct capture-recapture approaches), whereas others are indirect analytical methods based on assumptions about the population age distribution. There are various indirect demographic techniques for estimating the completeness of death registration; eg the Bennett-Horiuchi, Chanrasekaran-Deming and Brass-Growth Balance methods. These methods are often used by a national statistics office or academic institution to estimate registration completeness.


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Confidentiality

A guarantee that information provided by respondents will not be revealed to others.


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Coroner

An officer of a county, district, municipality, parish, etc., authorised by law to hold an inquest into deaths that may have involved violence, injury or suspicious circumstances to determine if the death was due to non-natural causes, such as accident, suicide or homicide.


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Crude birth rate

A vital statistics summary rate based on the number of live births occurring in a population during a given period of time. Typically expressed as the number of live births occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given calendar year per 1000 mid-year total population of the given geographical area during the same year.


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Crude death rate

A vital statistics summary rate based on the number of deaths occurring in a population during a given period of time. Typically expressed as the number of deaths occurring among the populationduring a given geographical area during a given calendar year per 1000 mid-year total population of the given geographical area during the same year.


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Data dashboard

A means of providing at-a-glance views of key performance indicators. Data dashboards are typically limited to showing summaries, key trends, comparisons and exceptions.


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Data dictionary

A centralised repository of information on data such as meuning, relationships to other data, origin, usage and format. Also known as a metadata repository.


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Data documentation

Facilitates the effective checking and preservation of a data set and ensures that the research community will be able to use the data. For more information, please see the Data Documentation Initiative at: ddialliance.org


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Data repository

A means of providing storage and access to datasets and their documentation.The repository can comprise multiple networked data-storage technologies running on diverse operating systems, where data that no longer need to be in primary storage are protected and classified according to captured metadata, processed, de-duplicated and then purged automatically, based on data service level objectives and requirements. In information repositories, data-storage resources are virtualised as composite storage sets and operate as a federated environment.


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Date of birth

The day, month and year of birth (and hours and minutes, if required) used to determine age in completed units of time.


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Date of occurrence

The day, month and year of occurrence of a vital event; and hours and minutes in the case of births, and infants dying in the first week of life.


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Date of registration

The day, month and year when an entry of registration of a vital event is made in the civil register.


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Death

The permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after live birth has taken place (postnatal cessation of vital functions without capability of resuscitation). This definition excludes fetal death.


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Delayed registration

The registration of a vital event after hte period prescribed in existing laws, rules or regulations (including any specified grace period). A late registration is the registration of a vital event after the prescribed period but within a specified grace period. Since the grace period is usually considered to be one year following the vital event, delayed registration is usually considered to be the registration of a vital event one year or more after its occurence.


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Demographic surveillance system

The longitudinal enumeration of all demographic events, including cause of death via verbal autopsy, in a geographically defined population; usually established with the primary purpose of health and development intervention research.


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Fetal death

The death prior to the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of inception, irrespective of the duration of the gestation period; following separation, the fetus does not breathe or show any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord or define movement of voluntary muscles.


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Decision-maker

A person with the authority to create or change communal, organisational or governmental policies, programs and/or laws.


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ANACONDA

Analysis of causes of (national) death for action (ANACONDA) is an electronic tool that assesses the accuracy and completeness of mortality and cause of death data.


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As-desired process

This step in business process mapping involves outlining your plan for change after identifying existing gaps in your as-is process.


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Automated classification of medical entities (ACME)

Program which automates the underlying cause of death coding rules. The inputs to ACME are the multiple ICD cause of death codes assigned to each entity (eg disease condition, accident or injury) listed on cause of death certifications, preserving the location and order as reported by the certifier. ACME then applies WHO rules to the ICD codes and selects an underlying cause of death. ACME has become the de facto international standard for the automated selection of underlying cause of death.


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Act

In some legal systems, an item of 'primary legislation' (law passed in parliament) is known as an act after enactment.


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Age

The interval of time between birth and the present, expressed in completed units of solar time. For adults and children, age is usually measured in completed years, while for infants or very young children, in completed months, weeks, days, hours or minutes of life as appropriate.


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Attendant at birth

The person who assisted the mother in giving birth; eg a physician, midwife, nurse, paramedic or lay person.


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Bill

Before an item of legislation becomes law, it may be known as a bill.


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Birth

See 'live birth'


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Birth parity

The number of times that a woman has given birth to a fetus with a gestational age of 24 weeks or more, regardless of whether the child was born alive or was stillborn.


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Birth rate

The crude birth rate is the number of birth over a given period divided by the person years lived by the population over that period. It is expressed as the number of births per 1000 population.


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Born in wedlock

A characteristic of a live born infant or dead fetus whose mother and father were legally married (any recognised union according to the laws or customs of the country) at the time of delivery.


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Born out of wedlock

A characteristic of a live born infant or dead fetus whose mother and father were not legally married at the time of delivery.


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Burial permit

An official document, usually issued only for a legally registered death, authorising the removal of the dead body (corpse) to a cemetery or other final site.


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Capture - recapture

A type of method that can be used to assess the completeness of registration. Two independent sources of data are used to identify births or deaths, with subsequent determination made of the proportion of cases identified by the second method that were also identified by the first. From this information, the total number of cases can be estimated using mathematical models. Although capture-recapture methods can be used to help monitor trends over time, this assumes closed populations (that is, low rates of migration).


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Accuracy of register-based vital statistics

The degree to which data items on the statistical report have been correctly and completely filled out with no errors introduced during transcription of vital records data into the statistical report, or during the processing stages (including coding, editing, input and tabulation).


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Courses

The CRVS Gateway Courses support countries strengthen their CRVS systems and data.

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Community Hub

CRVS Knowledge Gateway

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Country Pages

Find out what countries around the world are doing to improve their CRVS systems so you can learn from their experiences.

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About Us

Learn more about the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health Initiative

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