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Validation is the act by which a relevant authority confirms that all necessary documentation about a vital event is correct. The registration process can then continue.


Validation is usually done by the civil registration authority, and includes standard checks and procedures to ensure the information contained in the notification is correct, and that the standard documents needed as proof have been collected.
Validation of a birth notification may include checks for:
  • Internal consistency of the data – for example, the date of birth should not be after the date of the birth notification; and age of the mother at birth should not be less than 10 years or more than 65 years old
  • Completeness – for example, the notification should have at least the name of the mother, the date of birth, the age or date of birth of the mother, and the sex of the child
  • Duplicates – for example, that a notification for the same birth has not been sent by two different people
If the validation checks find an inconsistency or missing information, or if the notification is a duplicate, the registrar will query the health facility or appropriate local authority to obtain the correct information. 

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