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Whether you're a CRVS expert of just starting to learn about CRVS systems, you will enjoy exploring the range of resources available here in our library. Discover more about strengthening and innovating CRVS systems, plus learn from other countries challenges and experiences.


A framework for evaluating national CRVS systems at baseline
A framework for evaluating national CRVS systems at baseline

Describes the baseline evaluation framework developed for BD4H, which delivers a concise and up-to-date 'actionable' evaluation of a CRVS system.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Action guide on process mapping for CRVS system-strengthening


Action guide on CRVS legal and regulatory reviews
Action guide on CRVS legal and regulatory reviews

This document highlights five suggested steps countries should follow for conducting a legal review on CRVS law.

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Publication date: November 2017

Resource type: CRVS action guide

Related resources: Strengthening CRVS systems through effective legislation


Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems
Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems

Outlines the four key steps in process mapping and explains how they can be used to strengthen CRVS system design.

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Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS action guide

Related resources: Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping


Summary: Civil registration and identification
Civil registration and identification

Civil registration should be the basis of any national identification system, and must be strengthened before new systems are put in place

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Publication date: October 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Improving registration: Best practice guidelines


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Colombia: A strategy to improve the registration and certification of vital events in rural and ethnic communities

This paper details Colombia’s strategy to increase the registration and certification of vital events in rural municipalities and ethnic communities. Key parts of this intervention involve developing a proactive search system to improve capture of vital events through mobile notification, and subsequently applying automated verbal autopsy to determine probable cause of community-based deaths.

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Authors: Colombia Implementation Working Group

Publication date: September 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Colombia


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Course prospectus: Enterprise architecture and process mapping for strengthening CRVS design

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Publication date: October 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Intervention: Enterprise architecture and process mapping


CRVS systems need well-functioning civil registry offices
CRVS systems need well-functioning civil registry offices

Presentation of factors which countries should consider when establishing or improving the operation of their Office of the Civil Registrar.

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Publication date: August 2017

Resource type: CRVS roadmaps for action

Related resources: Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping


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Fellowship profile: Strengthening civil registration processes and improving vital statistics in Rwanda

Between February and May 2018, Xavier Ngomituje, a statistician from the National Institute of Statistics Rwanda, came to the University of Melbourne to learn about measuring the completeness of death registration, in order to improve national mortality statistics. He then spent time at the Swiss Tropical and Health Institute, University of Basel, to analyse and strengthen the organisation, processes, work flows and functionality of the civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system of Rwanda.

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Author: Ngomituge X.

Publication date: August 2018

Resource type: CRVS country perspectives (fellowship profile)

Related resources: CRVS country overview: Rwanda

Xavier Rwanda

Improving registration
Improving registration: Best practice guidelines

Examples of best practice for registration include making it a legal requirement to register, and not charging a fee for initial registration.

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Publication date: November 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: CRVS systems need well-functioning civil registry offices


Enterprise architecture
Intervention: Enterprise architecture and process mapping

A tool that that helps describe, understand, analyse, compare and visualise the organisation, processes, workflows and functionality of a CRVS system.

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Publication date: November 2016

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems


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Maximising synergies between Health Observatories and CRVS

This report provides practical guidance about how population and health observatories and CRVS systems can collaborate, to ultimately improve the registration and certification of births, deaths, and causes of death.

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Authors: de Savigny D, Renggli S, Cobos D, Collinson M, Sankoh O

Publication date: March 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series


Research priorities for country CRVS strengthening
Research priorities for country CRVS strengthening

This document outlines six of focus areas for countries in need of CRVS research.

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Publication date: November 2017

Resource type: CRVS roadmaps for action

Related resources: Summary: SDG achievement depends on CRVS systems


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Strengthening CRVS systems through effective legislation

This paper explains how legal frameworks can contribute to the completeness of birth and death registration, and improve the accuracy of information held in national and subnational civil records. This paper also highlights some of the common issues with existing civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) laws in many countries, and the importance for governments and CRVS stakeholders to conduct a comprehensive legal review. General recommendations on the steps and strategies countries should use for conducting a legal review on existing CRVS-related laws are provided.

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Publication date: April 2018 (updated)

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Action guide on CRVS legal and regulatory reviews


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Summary: CRVS systems are good for your health

This document highlights how countries that invest in CRVS strengthening will see improved population health outcomes.

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Publication date: May 2018 (udpated)

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Are well functioning civil registration and vital statistics systems associated with better health outcomes?


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Summary: Improving the notification of community deaths

Notification of deaths, particularly deaths in the community, requires special attention and will likely need specific interventions tailored to each country. Two checklists have been developed for countries seeking to audit and improve internal notification of community deaths.

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Publication date: August 2018 (update)

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Where there is no physician: Improving the notification of community deaths


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Summary: Monitoring CRVS data quality and progress

Summarises key points from the Lancet series paper, which discussed results from a global assessment of CRVS systems, and the development of a composite index, the Vital Statistics Performance Index (VSPI) that can monitor data quality and progress over time.

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Publication date: August 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: A global assessment of civil registration and vital statistics systems: Monitoring data quality and progress

Source: Lancet


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Summary: SDG achievement depends on CRVS systems

Well-functioning civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems will play an important role in assisting countries and regions to measure, monitor and meet their Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets. Strengthening of CRVS systems is an SDG outcome in and of itself; therefore, to fully achieve the SDG agenda, CRVS systems must be robust with near-complete registration of births and deaths.

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Publication date: August 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Why the Sustainable Development Goal agenda needs strong civil registration and vital statistics systems


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Summary: The CRVS baseline evaluation framework

Describes the four domains of the framework; an important tool that provides an actionable evaluation of a CRVS system.

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Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: A framework for evaluating national CRVS systems at baseline


Summary: The importance of routinely measuring birth and death registration completeness
Summary: The importance of routinely measuring birth and death registration completeness

Highlights the importance of measuring registration completeness and the impact it has on fertility and mortality statistics.

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Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Summary: A new method for estimating the completeness of death registration


The 'Ten CRVS Milestones' framework for understanding CRVS systems
The 'Ten CRVS Milestones' framework for understanding CRVS systems

Describes how CRVS systems function, including key processes that must be accomplished. Provides an understanding of system strengths and weaknesses.

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Authors: Muñoz DC, AbouZahr C, de Savigny D

Publication date: February 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping

Source: BMJ Global Health


Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping
Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping

Explains how enterprise architecture and its process mapping methodology can be used to describe and improve CRVS systems.

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Authors: de Savigny D, Cobos Muñoz D.

Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems

Source: Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, University of Basel


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Where there is no physician: Improving the notification of community deaths

This paper highlights the importance of community death notification, and provides checklists for countries seeking to audit and improve internal notification of community deaths. Results from applying these checklists as part of a broader process mapping exercise with 16 countries will also be discussed, which influenced the development of seven general guiding principles for the development of death notification forms. These resources are meant to aid countries and their CRVS partners as they move towards improving notification and registration of community deaths, particularly when considering universal digital notification-registration where there is no physician.

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Author: Cobos Muñoz D, de Savigny D.

Publication date: July 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Improving registration: Best practice guidelines


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Why the Sustainable Development Goal agenda needs strong civil registration and vital statistics systems

Well-functioning CRVS systems will play an important role in assisting countries and regions to measure, monitor and meet their SDG targets. The SDG agenda presents an opportunity to advance health information systems world-wide, including through CRVS systems strengthening efforts. The Data for Health Initiative developed a number of interventions, described in this paper, aimed at improving various components of a CRVS system. Countries may wish to consider these as part of their CRVS systems strengthening efforts.

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Authors: Nicola Richards, Renee Sorchik, and Claire Brolan, the University of Melbourne

Publication date: August 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Sustainable Development Goal achievement will depend on CRVS systems

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