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The Ten CRVS milestones framework


National vital statistics on aggregated vital events should be compiled and tabulated uniformly for the country using common definitions, classifications, coding, querying, data entry and editing procedures. This is usually the role of a National Statistics Office. Other roles and responsibilities include:

  • Compiling, analysing, sharing and disseminating statistics
  • Calculating indicators
  • Producing statistical reports
  • Comparing and reconciling data from civil registration offices with data from other sources
  • Providing facts for planners and decision makers
  • In-depth reporting on causes of deaths.

Vital statistics should be compiled, as much as possible, for the total geographic area of the country, for each major or other minor civil administrative division, and for each principal town and city. They should also distinguish between urban and rural for at least the country as a whole, and for each major or other civil division. 

In many settings, such as small island states, the absolute number of deaths registered in a given year may be quite small. In such instances, three-year rolling averages are generally used for monitoring purposes, rather than single-year rates. This produces a smoothed trend from the data and avoids drawing undue attention to year-on-year fluctuations instead of the underlying trend.

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