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What is CRVS and why does every country need it?

Correct – that is, reliable

Vital statistics from CRVS systems are more likely to be correct than those from other sources because vital events are recorded as close as possible in time and place to where they happen, thus facilitating validation of the information contained in each record. The facts are carefully checked because of their importance in producing legal documentation.

The civil registrar is responsible for registering vital events, including deaths, in a specific area (eg a country, county, district or municipality) and for recording and reporting information on those deaths, including their causes, for legal and statistical purposes. The responsibilities of civil registrars at the national and subnational levels include assuring the completeness and quality of the civil registration record and the associated statistical record. These responsibilities include:

  • Recording information regarding deaths according to established methods and procedures
  • Ensuring compliance with registration laws
  • Ensuring the accuracy and completeness of each death record
  • Adopting measures to enable the to be informed of the necessity of and procedures and requirements for registration and the value of mortality statistics
  • Taking custody of and archiving death records
  • Ensuring the completion of a statistical report for each registered death and its transmission according to a regular schedule to the compiling agency (generally the national statistics office) for data processing and dissemination
  • Issuing certificates or copies of death records upon request.

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