Legal and regulatory frameworks
Common issues and challenges with CRVS legislation
The need for legislative review has been identified in several countries as part of CRVS system assessments using tools such as the WHO Comprehensive Assessment Tool, the Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Legal and Regulatory Review Tool, and the Legislation for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the Pacific Guidelines. Common problems with CRVS legislation include:
In many countries, legislation is not recent and the laws which govern registration practices have been in place for many years. Where the laws underpinning the system have not been revised to reflect changes in society, and modern technology not introduced to facilitate registration and allow records to be easily transferred, the completeness and quality of registration data are likely to decline.
Insufficient attention to at-risk groups and populations
Unclear roles and responsibilities
Poor data security
Poor data confidentiality
Lack of recognition of statistical functions
Limited or no enforcement of the law
Lack of clear definitions
This document provides comprehensive guidance on how to systematically evaluate the quality and functioning of CRVS systems: World Health Organization (2010). Improving the quality and use of birth, death and cause-of-death information: guidance for a standards-based review of country practices. WHO, Geneva.
Secretariat of the Pacific Community (2016). Legislation for civil registration and vital statistics in the Pacific: Best practice guidelines and examples. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Nouméa.