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Whether you're a CRVS expert of just starting to learn about CRVS systems, you will enjoy exploring the range of resources available here in our library. Discover more about strengthening and innovating CRVS systems, plus learn from other countries challenges and experiences.


A framework for evaluating national CRVS systems at baseline
A framework for evaluating national CRVS systems at baseline

Describes the baseline evaluation framework developed for BD4H, which delivers a concise and up-to-date 'actionable' evaluation of a CRVS system.

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Author: University of Melbourne

Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Action guide on process mapping for CRVS system-strengthening


Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems
Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems

Outlines the four key steps in process mapping and explains how they can be used to strengthen CRVS system design.

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Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS action guide

Related resources: Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping


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Collecting verbal autopsies: improving and streamlining data collection processes using electronic tablets

As countries increase verbal autopsy surveillance, it is important to consider the best way to design sustainable systems for data collection. Electronic data capture has the potential to greatly reduce the time and costs associated with data collection. For long-term, large-scale surveillance required by national vital statistical systems, electronic data capture reduces costs and allows data to be available sooner. This study collected verbal autopsy interviews using paper and pencil, and using electronic tablets at two sites, and measured the cost and time required to process the surveys for analysis.

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Authors: Flaxman AD, et al

Publication date: 2018

Resource type: Peer-reviewed paper

Source: Population Health Metrics. 2018; 16(3) [creative commons attribution license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/]


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Estimating the completeness of death registration: An empirical method

Many national and subnational governments need to routinely measure the completeness of death registration for monitoring and statistical purposes. Existing methods, such as death distribution and capture-recapture methods, have a number of limitations such as inaccuracy and complexity that prevent widespread application. This paper presents a novel empirical method to estimate completeness of death registration at the national and subnational level.

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Authors: Adair T, Lopez AD

Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Summary: A new method for estimating the completeness of death registration

Source: PLoS ONE


Integrating community-based verbal autopsy into CRVS: System-level considerations
Integrating community-based verbal autopsy into CRVS: System-level considerations

This document provides recommendations for integrating VA processes into CRVS, which involves consideration of system-wide integration issues.

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Authors: de Savigny D, Riley I, Chandramohan D, Odhiambo F, Nichols E, Notzon S, AbouZahr C, Mitra R, Cobos Munoz D, Firth S, Maire N, Sankoh O, Bronson G, Setel P, Byass P, Jakob P, Boerma T, Lopez AD

Publication date: January 2017

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Summary: Integrating verbal autopsy into CRVS systems

Source: Global Health Action


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Maximising synergies between Health Observatories and CRVS

This report provides practical guidance about how population and health observatories and CRVS systems can collaborate, to ultimately improve the registration and certification of births, deaths, and causes of death.

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Authors: de Savigny D, Renggli S, Cobos D, Collinson M, Sankoh O

Publication date: March 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series


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Sampling strategies for national scale CRVS-VA planning: Guidance document and sample size calculator tool

The purpose of this package of a two part Guidance Document and its companion Sample Size Calculator Tool is to assist countries with scale up and rollout planning for the application of verbal autopsy (VA) as a function of a national Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system. Users of the package will include those tasked with designing and managing the CRVS-VA system. The package is intended to be used after pre-testing and pilot phases during which the processes, methods and possibly costing of the CRVS-VA system are perfected and established, and before the scale-up and rollout phase.

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Authors: University of Melbourne, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Vital Strategies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, CDC

Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS resources and tools

Related resources: Integrating community-based verbal autopsy into CRVS: System-level considerations


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Summary: A new method for estimating the completeness of death registration

Explains a new method to estimate the completeness of death registration using widely available country data.

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Publication date: May 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Estimating the completeness of death registration: An empirical method


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Summary: Improving the notification of community deaths

Notification of deaths, particularly deaths in the community, requires special attention and will likely need specific interventions tailored to each country. Two checklists have been developed for countries seeking to audit and improve internal notification of community deaths.

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Publication date: August 2018 (update)

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Where there is no physician: Improving the notification of community deaths


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Summary: Integrating verbal autopsies into CRVS systems

This document details how to sustainably integrate verbal autopsy into CRVS systems.

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Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS summary

Related resources: Integrating community-based verbal autopsy into CRVS: System-level considerations


The 'Ten CRVS Milestones' framework for understanding CRVS systems
The 'Ten CRVS Milestones' framework for understanding CRVS systems

Describes how CRVS systems function, including key processes that must be accomplished. Provides an understanding of system strengths and weaknesses.

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Authors: Muñoz DC, AbouZahr C, de Savigny D

Publication date: February 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping

Source: BMJ Global Health


Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping
Understanding CRVS systems: The importance of process mapping

Explains how enterprise architecture and its process mapping methodology can be used to describe and improve CRVS systems.

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Authors: de Savigny D, Cobos Muñoz D.

Publication date: April 2018

Resource type: CRVS development series

Related resources: Action guide on process mapping for CRVS systems

Source: Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, University of Basel


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Where there is no physician: Improving the notification of community deaths

This paper highlights the importance of community death notification, and provides checklists for countries seeking to audit and improve internal notification of community deaths. Results from applying these checklists as part of a broader process mapping exercise with 16 countries will also be discussed, which influenced the development of seven general guiding principles for the development of death notification forms. These resources are meant to aid countries and their CRVS partners as they move towards improving notification and registration of community deaths, particularly when considering universal digital notification-registration where there is no physician.

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Author: Cobos Muñoz D, de Savigny D.

Publication date: July 2018

Resource type: CRVS technical outcome series

Related resources: Improving registration: Best practice guidelines

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