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What is CRVS and why does every country need it?
Introduction

Why do CRVS systems underperform?
Global CRVS systems

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What is CRVS and why does every country need it?

CRVS and the SDGs

The SDGs have been agreed to by the global development community as representing the direction of global development efforts between 2015 and 2030. The 17 SDG goals are intended to achieve specific targets. CRVS data are important because:

  • 15 of the SDG goals and 24 of the SDG targets require CRVS data for measuring their indicators, in particular numerators (births, deaths) and denominators (total population, live births, total deaths)
  • 14 SDG indicators specify cause-specific mortality
  • The SDGs require timely and continuing data series to enable comparisons over time
  • The SDGs call for data at national and subnational administrative levels
  • The SDGs call for data by key equity stratifiers as part of the ‘leave no-one behind’ strategy.
The main relevant SDG goals and targets

SDG Goal/Target 3.1: By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100 000 live births

-Indicator: Maternal mortality ratio (number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 100 000 live births during the same time period)
-Numerator: Cause-specific deaths (maternal)

SDG Goal/Target 3.2: By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age
-Indicator: Child mortality rate (probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of 5 years, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of that period, expressed per 1000 live births); AND neonatal mortality rate (probability that a child born in a specific year or period will die during the first 28 completed days of life if subject to age-specific mortality rates of that period, expressed per 1000 live births)
-Numerator: Deaths in children under the age of 5 years

SDG Goal/Target 3.4: By 2030, reduce by one-third premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases; AND suicide mortality rate
-Indicator: Mortality rate attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease; AND number of suicide deaths in a year, divided by the population and multiplied by 100 000
-Numerator: Deaths by cause

SDG Goal/Target 3.6: By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents
-Indicator: Number of road traffic fatal injury deaths per 100 000 population
-Numerator: Deaths by cause

SDG Goal/Target 3.7: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive healthcare services
-Indicator: Adolescent birth rate (aged 10–14 and 15–19) per 1000 women in that age group
-Numerator: Births by age group

SDG Goal/Target 3.9: By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
-Indicator: Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution; AND mortality rate attributed to unsafe water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene; AND mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning
-Numerator: Deaths by cause

SDG Goal/Target 11.5: By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths caused by disasters
-Indicator: Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100 000 people
-Numerator: Deaths by cause

SDG Goal/Target 13.1: Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
-Indicator: Number of deaths due to disaster per 100 000 people
-Numerator: Deaths by cause

SDG Goal/Target 16.1: Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
-Indicator: Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100 000 population, by sex and age; AND conflict-related deaths per 100 000 population, by sex, age and cause
-Numerator: Deaths by age, sex, and cause; AND deaths by cause

SDG Goal/Target 16.9: By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration
-Indicator: Proportion of children under 5 years whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age
-Numerator: Births registered by age


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