CRVS stakeholders, structures and coordination
CRVS and identity management systems
As noted in Harnessing the availability of health sector resources to facilitate registration of births and deaths, ideally, the anchor ministry which houses a Department of Civil Registration and Identity Management should carry out the functions of both national civil registration and national identity management. Having one Registrar General/Director overseeing both functions enables efficient decision-making and coordinated provision of civil registration and identification services.
The first diagram below offers a simple illustration of the interrelationship between civil registration, vital statistics, and IDM systems. Good integration and coordination of these systems enable effective communication, prevent duplication of efforts, and allow efficient service delivery. The second diagram below shows how Rwanda is building up the linkages across the CRVS and individual identity management system.
In order to effectively share and utilise the data that are collected through various agencies (eg vital events data from CR, as well as sociodemographic data from administrative registries, such as voters and taxpayer registries), it is critical that concepts and definitions concerning vital events are uniform and compatible across the coordinating agencies. Furthermore, definitions pertaining to sociodemographic data of the individuals experiencing the vital events should also be compatible among the agencies that use these data. Examples of sociodemographic data include status of economic activity, occupation, educational attainment, place of usual residence, administrative division, and urban/rural classification.
Challenges in integration of CRVS with national ID systems and population registers include lack of stakeholder coordination and integration, limited administrative, fiscal and technical capacity, inaccessibility and unmet demand for services, unrealised information technology potential, problems with vendors and procurement, and missing or outdated legal frameworks and regulatory foundations.