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The Ten CRVS milestones framework


A civil registration sub-system refers to the entire administrative, legal and institutional framework for registering and certifying vital events, archiving vital events records and generating vital statistics. This includes personnel, the registration infrastructure network, procedures, recordkeeping and retrieval, certificate issuance, outputs, services to other agencies, and all other activities pertaining to civil registration in a country. The civil registration system, therefore, includes both the registration method and all the institutional, technical and legal settings associated with it.

The administrative arrangement of civil registration work should be clearly detailed in civil registration legislation and related legislation pertaining to, for example, statistics, identity systems, data sharing, privacy and confidentiality, cybersecurity and nationality. Depending on the judicial, political and administrative structures of a country, as well as its tradition, the arrangement can be either centralised or decentralised. Regardless of the type of administrative set-up, the work of civil registration is done by local civil registration offices. 

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